- 5 - pillow positioning
Well adjustable, also for patients with contractures. A really good pressure relief by distribution is possible, but depends on the skills of the health care worker.
This system of positioning is certainly costly in care and time, becaus after every activity at the patient the individual adaption is necessary. Formation of creases and accumulation of heat is possible.
- Alternating pressure mattress
Body regions are stressed and relieved in intervals. Anyhow the regularly relocation of the patients is mandatory. Temporarily high pressure on small area. If the inner vessel pressure is very low, the compressed vessels might not fill even after pressure relief and become necrotic. Some systems may cause sleeping trouble in patients due to the pressure alternation intervals or the generated noise. In addition to this the costs for investment, maintenance and possibly them for adjusting to the current technological standard after some time, are very high.
- Moisture barrier pads
Since the anti-decubitus mattresses and systems are often expensive, they should last long and be kept clean. Therefore, more often than not protective pads are used, which do not allow the skin to breathe or sweat to evaporate.