Appropriate Nutrition

An inbalanced, insufficient or excessive nutrition is often responsible for the development of serious diseases or complications. The metabolism is disordered, nutrients arenīt produced sufficiently. Certainly many deficiency symptomes can treated by a change of the nutrition, but often heavy secondary injuries already have been manifested. Just in the care of older people many times the energy need is underestimated, with partly embarrassing consequences. Studies have shown that in the case of malnutrition a decubital ulcer can hardly been prevented or healed mith only nursing measurements. When a decubital ulcer has occured, especially the evident higher need on proteines, zinc, vitamines etc. canīt be reached with a normal nutrition.


This form, prepared by LIGAMED® medical Produkte GmbH on the basis of the work "Prophylaxe und Therapie des Dekubitalleidens" of S.-D. Müller, K. Pütz, K. Raschke, I. Drewe, Die Gesellschaft für Ernährungsmedizin und Diätetik e.V., published in issue 19/1 (2001) "Zeitschrift für Wundheilung", is available as A4 leaflet or A5 block including 20 sheets from the LIGAMED® medical Produkte GmbH, just send us a message with the subject "Nutrition Calculator"

Download of the calculation sheet "Appropriate Nutrition"

Optimal nutrition plan in homes for the elderly - recommendations by "Die Gesellschaft für Ernährungsmedizin und Diätetik e.V." (German society for nutrition medicine and dietetics) for an optimal food supply (=100%) for seniors



2 slices of bread or 2 rolls or 1 slice of bread and 1 roll

1 serving pack of diet margarine or butter (10 g)

1 serving pack of jam, marmalade or honey (25 g)

1 slice of low-fat cheese (up to 40% fat in DM)
or 2 tablespoons curd cheese (= 30 g)

3 cups of coffee or tea (= 400 ml)


1 serving of fruit or dessert bowl of fruit soup
or rather 1 serving of astronaut food / drinkable food (= 200 ml)

2 glasses of water


1 serving of vegetable soup (=150 ml) or salad

1 serving of potatoes, rice or pasta (= 200 g)

1 large serving of vegetables (= 200 g)

1 serving of meat, poultry or fish (=120 g cooked weight)

1 dessert serving (= 125 g) or dairy product (yoghurt)

2 glasses of water or 3 cups of tea (= 400 ml)


1 slice of cake or one serving of pastry or one piece of fruit or one serving of dairy product (yoghurt)

2 cups of tea (= 250 ml)


2 slices of bread

1 serving of diet margarine or butter (= 10 g)

1 slice of lean cold cuts (= 30 g) and 1 slice of low-fat cheese (up to 40% fat in DM) or 2 tablespoon of curd cheese (= 30 g) or 2 slices of lean cold cuts or 2 slices of low-fat cheese

1 serving of salad (= 130 g) with vegetable oil (= 5 g)

2 cups of tea (= 250 ml)

Late Snack

1 glass of cocoa or rather 1 serving of astronaute foof / drinkable food (= 200 ml)

1 glass of water (= 200 ml)

Calculation: about 7950 kjoule, 94 g protein, 55 g fat, 258 g carbohydrates, 30 g fibres, 11 g poly-unsaturated fatty acids, 198 mg colesterol, 2500 µg vitamin A, 11.5 mg beta-carotene, 7.8 mg vitamin E, 1.3 mg vitamin B1, 1.9 mg vitamin B2, 1.7 mg vitamin B6, 135 µg folic acid, 165 mg vitamin C, 3840 mg potassium, 1235 mg calcium, 440 mg magnesium, 17 mg iron and 16 mg zinc.
When at least one pack of astronaute food / drinkable food is used, the requirements for all nutrients are certainly met.


The quality of the foods is one side, on the other side it also must be eaten. Promote the appetite for foods and drinks in patients that are at risk of being malnourished by drafting a varied menu that considers individual preferences. Take care that the patients eat and drink sufficiently. This effort will surely be rewarded by more vitality and less nursing effort.